Originally inhabited by Paleo-Indians, Indiana is an American state located in the Midwest and Great Lakes region. With Indianapolis as the state capital and the largest city in the state, Indiana is the 17th most populous state and the 38th largest in the United States of America. The state borders Lake Michigan, Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, and Illinois, and is nicknamed the "Hoosier State."
A major supporter of the US During the American Civil War, Indiana was part of the eight American states that comprise the Great Lakes region, with another seven being Illinois, New York, Michigan, Ohio, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Pennsylvania.
While Lake Michigan shares the country's northern border, the Ohio River separates it from Kentucky in the south.
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Indiana is a land of several state parks, museums, outdoor activities, and important landmarks.
Among its many attractions is the Children's Museum of Indianapolis, the largest of its kind in the world, the Rite Cathedral of Scotland, the largest cathedral of its kind in the world, and the underwater dome to see dolphins in the Indianapolis Zoo, the first of its kind.
While there is much to see and do in Indiana, there are several that are invisible and unheard of, at least to the masses.
Market Street Catacombs, Indianapolis
One of the few tunnels that still exist in the United States, Market Street Catacombs is one of those hidden attractions in Indiana that is in plain sight.
If you are a resident or have visited the city, you may have crossed, visited, or eaten in one of the many restaurants of the famous market of the city of Indianapolis, but, what you may not know is that right under your feet there is a long stretch of interconnected aisles that were created about a century ago to transport and store meat products and other products that required a cooler atmosphere to stay cool.
At that time, the catacombs served as refrigeration for the entire market as there were no freezers or cold stores.
However, today, the tunnels remain hidden and almost forgotten.
Bluespring Caverns, Bedford
Flowing through the Bluespring Caverns in Bedford, Indiana, is the longest underground river in the United States of America, home to an abundant species of albino animals and other aquatic species.
First discovered in the 19th century, the wide limestone caverns stretch for miles above the river, acting as a canopy and ensuring a cool, humid and dark atmosphere that makes survival convenient and sensitive even for blind albino creatures.
Crickets, frogs, spiders, beetles and crayfish are some of the creatures that live in, under and on the river and around the caves.
Although the entire cavern and its resident river are equally eye-catching, what stands out the most is the group of creatures that are pure white or almost transparent and an exceptionally extraordinary group of blind cavefish!
Indiana Medical History Museum, Indianapolis
Imagine a medical history museum that remains frozen in time for over a century!
The Indiana Museum of Medical History, located at the Central State Hospital for the Mad in Indianapolis, was established before the discovery of the germ theory.
The installation has managed to preserve most of the vintage instruments and tools of the time and can therefore reveal an extremely spooky feel.
Inside the museum, you can find an autopsy room, old photo files, laboratories, and even most of the hospital records from the time.
A recreation of a doctor's office can be found in an adjacent building.
The oldest existing pathology facility in the United States, the Indiana Museum of Medical History, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
A visit to the 1896 teaching amphitheatre, where students passed out in their chair while observing autopsies, is a must!
Knightridge Space Observatory, Bloomington
Built between 1936 and 1937, the Knightridge Space Observatory was a simple two-story telescopic dome with two rooms, one on each floor, with the upper room created to hold a four-ton telescope that opened onto a retractable window.
The exteriors of the Observatory were made of solid brick, while the interiors, including the dome, were made of wood.
A standout feature, the dome was equipped with rollers and was placed on a track so that it could be moved towards the best viewing angles.
Eventually, urbanization led to his downfall and led to his later desertion.
Although none of the original instruments can be found within the observatory and most of the structure is in ruins, the ruins of the Knightridge Space Observatory are a great site for exploration.